The Philippines currently has a total population of 107.3 million. The KII also targets parents and teachers and specifically surface their perspectives on the extent of authority the school has over children’s social media activities. That’s a whole 11 hours more than the global average of 42 hours! We'll assume you accept this policy as long as you are using this website, JS11 – Human Rights and the Philippine Digital Environment, JS 22 – The Right to Privacy in the Philippines. How do Facebook affect your life? Internet and mobile providers have a responsibility in ensuring the privacy and safety of women using their services. Under the law schools have some form of authority over the students more so if they are minors. Like other studies of teenagers’ social media practices, they are even happy to overshare information online. According to the Supreme Court, a member of the court cannot and should not have a public Friendster account as her position and stature limits her to what she can do on the Internet. By continuing, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The very purpose of the Internet and the Web is to increase the accessibility of persons to information. Social Media Policy At Sewickley Academy, teachers, students, staff, and other school community members use social networking/media (Twitter, Facebook, blogs, etc.) FMA is a nonprofit NGO in the Philippines seeking to democratize information and communication systems for citizens and communities. The crimino-legal approach to online violations experienced by women generally looks at these online spaces as site of women’s oppression and does not consider it a space for women’s empowerment. In light of this, Atty. In the Philippines, there is no specific and direct policy on social media privacy. The law is divided into 31 sections split across eight chapters, criminalizing several types of offense, including illegal access (hacking), data interference, device misuse, cybersquatting, computer-related offenses such as computer fraud, content-related offenses such as cybersex and spam, and other offenses. The study indicates that social media is being integrated with rather than interfering with students’ academic lives. GlobalWebIndex's latest social media usage report shows that more than 40% of people use social media platforms to keep in touch with friends, making this the top reason for social media use globally.. That means that apart from games and music students … These include the right to control personal data disclosure, and the right to remedy in case this right is violated. UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES Bachelor of Arts in ... romanticize, and casually use words related to mental illness, the study showed that media—both traditional and new—can change this discourse and improve the mental health situation in the country. The FGD revealed girls have both good and bad experiences in using Facebook. Another girl said her photo was used without her consent in a Facebook contest called “Face-Off”, a game wherein two photos of girls are placed alongside each other and the girl with the most number of likes is declared as the winner or the most beautiful. Ensuring women’s safety and privacy online requires the involvement of all online users, Internet intermediaries, organizations, the state and the media. Social media[1] serves as the Internet to majority of Filipino online users. He said, “The computer closes before I could log out. The girls’ personal homepages contained information about their daily activities with friends and families ranging from important occasions such as birthdays, school events to activities they do on their idle time. It called upon all States to respect and protect the right to privacy in digital communication.[15]. For instance, women were not consulted in the creation of the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, thus, they called for the removal of the cybersex provision as it discriminates women. It is important as well that women are responsible social media users. Your social media accounts can make you a more inspirational teacher and a better colleague. Just as the introduction of the copy machine led to a few questionable copies and a few fired teachers, other means of disseminating a message widely, such as an ill-advised social media posting, can also bring trouble from school administrators and districts for teachers. The law allows for unchecked invasion of privacy, e.g., permitting wiretapping and investigation of bank accounts. The KII targets lawyers whose works include handling cases involving privacy issues in the advent of information and communications technology, a case involving the use of ICT or specializing on privacy. In the light of these foregoing, FMA undertakes an issue brief to understand privacy in social media in the context of the Philippines. One girl who came from a broken family shared, it is also a safe space to communicate with her mom without the knowledge of her father. The edited photo was circulated online and she started receiving demeaning comments. Viral circulation of private pictures and videos is a common problem in social media along with unwanted comments, sexual solicitation, obscenity and stalking. Privacy is hard to define as it is set differently in different jurisdiction. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Ian Vincent Manticajon. Social Media Policy These terms ("Terms") govern the social media-based websites, accounts, pages and applications (such as Facebook and Twitter) of The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company, its subsidiaries and affiliates (collectively, "Manulife") that contain a link to these Terms (collectively, the "Sites" and individually, a "Site"). The Philippine Supreme Court ruled in favor of the school stating that nothing is ever private in Facebook. People started posting comments including offensive remarks and eventually led to physical fight. The first level of the paper covers the overview of available laws, policies, jurisprudence on privacy and social media in the Philippines. I don’t check the time always as it takes away my Internet time for Facebooking.” Further, he shared that his lack of knowledge for privacy measures in Facebook is due to lack of regular access to Internet. As a result, its impact may not be as transformative as policy makers and educators assert. In a global study called Wave7, Filipinos are using social media to primarily connect with their families living overseas. Many joined or formed groups to keep each other updated of school activities and share common interest. [8] The case stemmed from students of a Catholic school who were not allowed to participate in graduation exercise due to their provocative posts in Facebook. The Philippines have been called the social media capital of the world, because most of the social media users have an extraordinarily high usage time of about four hours per day. [12] http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/mar/11/facebook-users-reveal-intimate-secrets, [13] http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/mar/12/privacy-facebook-lesbians-relax-online, [14] http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/1394/1312%2523, [15] The Right to Privacy in the Digital Age, Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. According to the STC, the students violated the school code of conduct. Adolescent Girls do not diligently practice privacy in Facebook. One girl for example admitted she has over 4,000 Facebook friends but only 20% of them are known to her personally. Legal professionals themselves should take an effort to understand these new technologies so that they are better guided in their decisions. As a response to the harassment the girls experienced in Facebook, their action is to either block, ignore or unfriend people on their friends list. There is a need too to conduct capacity-building on how law can catch up with new technologies. The FGD with Cebu students revealed that lack of access to ICT/internet resulted to vulnerability of young people to privacy breaches. Social media are created primarily for communication, often interpersonal communication. The law also reaffirms existing laws against child pornography, an offense under Republic Act No. Traditionally, the right to privacy is concisely defined as the right to be left alone. Adjusting the privacy setting of their Facebook account was not intuitive for them. It is imperative that they adequately inform users of available safety features such as privacy mechanisms. New technologies as well presented new legal challenges. The research shows that there is no correlation between the amount of time students spend using social media and their grades. 202666 of 2014. All agreed for the inclusion of social media etiquette in the education curriculum either as a separate subject or integrated in good manners and right conduct. Privacy and Social Media Policy in the Philippines. In the language of the court, “the photos, having been uploaded on Facebook without restrictions as to who may view them, lost their privacy in some way.” The court further added in its ruling that setting post privacy to ‘Friends Only’ is not an assurance that it can no longer be viewed by another user who is not Facebook friends with the source of the content. The complimentary copy of the Manila Bulletin in the EPSTEMPCO hostel caught my attention because it had the Facebook marquee on the front page. The multiple platforms for posting and reposting information in social media make it hard to control and regulate the personal data women want to share. To find out more, please click this link. It embeds itself into the lives of users and plays many roles, providing entertainment, supporting friendships, and hosting debates. The same can be seen in the Philippines, where youth activism – as young people have the strongest presence in Philippine social media – have taken on to both literal and virtual streets. The second level is the conduct of focus group discussions (FGD) to gain understanding on social media usage in the country, and key informant interview (KII) to surface perspectives on privacy in social media. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Data protection and data privacy are big issues on the digital superhighway and naturally flowed in conversation with fellow mentors of the SocMed literacy program, namely Atty. Adolescent Girls have both good and bad experiences in using Facebook. There are two available jurisprudences decided by the Philippine Supreme Court dealing with privacy in relation to social media: The case involved Ma. There are nearly 2.8 billion active social media users globally, of which 2.5 billion can access their accounts on mobile devices, the study said. The availability of multiple platforms for posting and re-posting information and the speed to which information is being shared has affected women’s privacy. Gender perspectives are significantly missing. Majority of the girls have over thousand friends in Facebook. As internet connections became faster and computers more powerful, social media became more popular. [5] This development in information and communications technology (ICT) impacted Filipinos conception of privacy. Facebook identifies members of an online extended social community as “friends,” though often the social connection may be rather loose, such as a classmate or “friend of a friend.” Thus, a Facebook profile, which makes the user’s friend base visible to others, provides a means of creating and displaying the person’s social sphere. The Data Privacy Act of 2012 is an act protecting individual personal information in information and communications systems in the government and the private sector. Most of the participants use mobile phone to access Facebook, saying telecommunication companies provide promo or at times unlimited access to Facebook for a very cheap price. Ian Vincent Manticajon of the University of the Philippines Cebu and Rachelle Nessia of the Public Information Agency 7. Social media websites contain an abundance of different information with millions of links to other resources. What are the benefits a student can get by using Social Networking Sites? But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/DigitalAge/Pages/DigitalAgeIndex.aspx, [16] WLB’s Unpublished paper on ICT, VAW and Sexuality, [17] http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/1394/1312%2523. While the Philippines is not an information based society, it is very much a networked culture. KII with lawyers covers legal perspectives of privacy in the Philippines and their limitations when applied in social media. Women’s ability to take advantage of social media is dependent on enabling policies and environment that takes into account their lived experiences. [16] Women’s privacy online is often violated and policed due to imposed modesty and chastity and to ensure that ‘women stay in their place’. A range of privacy policies can be found in the Constitution, Revised Penal Code, Rules of … [6] However, developments in technology brought about informational privacy – the person’s right to control information about him/her. One lawyer shared that STC did not violate privacy of the students as the school was merely a recipient of information. In the Philippines, interviews and FGDs with teenagers aged 10-17 revealed that most of them are in Facebook. It sets the parameters as to what is considered private and public in social media.[11]. This graph shows the stats of social media in Philippines based on over 10 billion monthly page views. Social media users in the Philippines. The FGD revealed varying privacy practices in Facebook. Some said they add only people they know, either they have a close relationship with the person or know them by name. There are 60 million Facebook users in the Philippines and Filipinos spend the most hours on the social networking site, at 4 hours and 17 minutes daily, according to the HootSuite Social Management Platform. Are they after the welfare of the students or the reputation of the school as Catholic institution? According to industry reports, Facebook and Google which owns Amazon have cornered as much “as 65% of the total advertisement spent or 90% of the industry annual growth rate in recent years”. In the Philippines, there is no specific and direct policy on social media privacy. It identifies the primary social media platform they use, their purpose of using social media, their activities, violations/harms they experience, and their awareness of the policy and terms of use. But the education of teens and their parents to the growing privacy problem will require an educational effort that involves schools, social networking organizations, and government agencies.”[17], Women and Girls’ Safe Participation in Social Media. Manticajon commented that all FB posts are public even if they’re set in private. The paper aims to explore privacy in social media in two levels. The law itself recognizes invasion of privacy as a criminal offense. One gay student shared, many times his Facebook account was vandalized and hacked due to accessing it in Internet shops. The Anti-Photo and Video Voyeurism Act of 2009 was passed as a response to the proliferation of intimate/private photos and videos, most notably of women, without their consent. But they can also make you the focus of a personnel investigation or unemployed. Social media can attain many can things in terms of social good. [1] For this paper social media or social networking sites refers to Facebook, Twitter, Tumbler, Instagram etc. It further added that a an open public account on Friendster exposes the judge to influence and pressure, and gives litigants and lawyers an open access to communicate with her especially those attempting to influence her decisions.[10]. However, there are several laws including jurisprudence that deal with privacy in general and in relation to social media. T. (632) 7753 5584 It covers six major pieces of legislation. The FGD surfaces as well their perspectives on privacy and their view on school’s authority to monitor social media accounts of students. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The study highlights the Philippine Supreme Court’s decision on the case of St. Theresa’s College Cebu. [3] For Filipino online users, Facebook is the easiest and cheapest to access. Escalante City, Negros Occidental – A visit to this northern city of Negros Occidental is always pleasurable because it offers a welcome respite from the hustle and bustle of metropolitan Cebu. News reports and anecdotal evidence revealed many cases of invasion of privacy are committed against women and girls. An advertising agency handling social media promotions told CNN Philippines, the running rate for content creation and promotion ranges from ₱15,000 up to ₱35,000 monthly per account. social media to maximise the range of benefits it offers whilst mitigating associated risks. However, one should question the extent of authority the school has over the students. [14], The right to privacy is a human right and an element of various legal traditions, which may restrain both government and private party action that threatens the privacy of individuals. The control over the contexts in which information is used should be emphasized because of the ease with which web content can be recycled or forwarded. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The concept of privacy is not, as we like to imagine, a universal one. In the Philippines, privacy is traditionally viewed as a person’s right against unreasonable seizure which is the person’s right over his/her house, office or any place where he/she has expectation of privacy wherein the state/government cannot enter without warrant. In the Philippines social media has a big factor that can help a politician to known and to promote their campaign. Gender is important for understanding privacy in social media. The public consultation on Administrative Order (AO) on Social Media Use of the Government has reached its last stop at the Philippine Information Agency (PIA) Auditorium, Visayas Avenue, Quezon City. Viral circulation of private pictures and videos is a common problem in social media. From the two sections, it can be surmised that right to privacy can be defined as the right to be left alone. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Of that population, 76 million or 71% are active social media users. The decision stemmed from the case involving photos posted on Facebook of two minor students from STC. A central challenge to governance is the need to strengthen data privacy and security measures that benefits women and allows them to better engagement online. Internet blurs the line as to when a student is inside or outside of school. His talk on integrating social media in education was so absorbing that it moved a teacher to propose that SocMed be included in school curricula. The photos showed acts that were contrary to the school’s policy regarding students’ conduct. Later, Atty. For women, the first defense in protecting their privacy online is the awareness that both in an online and offline environment they are entitled to have their human rights respected, protected and fulfilled. The posting on the photos online, constituting a different act, was a repeat violation. And what is your answer? The photos were shown by one of the Facebook friends of the girls to the school officials prompting them to ban the students from marching in their graduation rites in March 2012. However, did you ever encounter the question. 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