iii . The leaves are typically three-lob… Juá-pitanga in Portuguese Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Ahmad, S.; Iqbal, S.; Luthria, D.L. The seed of this plant have also been used in both analgesic Uses. Available online: Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses. KR Patent 2001002311 A 20010115, 2001. Ipomoea setosa Blume. Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. As a result, 17 natural product extracts were found to be active in the criteria of IC. Compositional study and antioxidant potential of Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. The pulverized seed of Ipomoea hederacea (I. nil) is an indigenous source of ecdysteroid, with a high content of 20E (20-hydroxyecdysone). KES species distribution list for township 16 south, range 12 east, Pima County Arizona. Other uses for the plant include the preparation of a poultice from the roots which can be used to ease pain in rheumatic joints. Singh, B.P. The Plants Database includes the following 69 species of Ipomoea . Ipomoea hederacea (Ivyleaf morning glory) Ipomoea hederacea (Ivyleaf morning glory) Convolvulaceae Ipomoea Post navigation. ; Rafiullah, M.R.M. The knowledge constitutes a rich source of ethnomedical information for effective selection of plants to be evaluated by chemical studies (Pereda-Miranda & Bah, 2003). This is both an attractive vine and common weed of agronomic, horticultural, and nursery crops, and can be tough to get rid of once established [, Various phenols like erulic acid, coumaric acid-hexoside, ferulic acid-hexoside and sinapic acid-hexoside were tentatively identified in, The antioxidant activity of different extracts of, An ethanolic extract of the plant showed significant hepatoprotection in carbon tetrachloride treated rats [, The disk diffusion assay was employed in the study by Zia-Ul-Haq and co-workers to investigate the antibacterial potency of, Different doses of a crude methanol extract of the plant showed insecticidal activities against, In order to discover novel antitumor agents, Nam and Lee approximately screened 180 methanol extracts of medicinal plants for their cytotoxicity in cultured human lung (A549) and colon (Col 2) cancer cells. Received: 22 October 2012 / Revised: 30 October 2012 / Accepted: 31 October 2012 / Published: 5 November 2012, Plants are old friends of humans who rely on plants directly or indirectly for food, shelter, aesthetic purposes and for the treatment of diseases. This has been used medicinally in the treatment of various mental disorders. Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq, Shakeel Ahmad, Luca Calani, Teresa Mazzeo, Daniele Del Rio, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Vincenzo De Feo, Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry 2012, 17 (9): 10306-21, Aftab Ahmad, Asif Husain, Mohd Mujeeb, Shah Alam Khan, Abul Kalam Najmi, Nasir Ali Siddique, Zoheir A Damanhouri, Firoz Anwar, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2013, 3 (5): 337-52, Najla Gooda Sahib, Farooq Anwar, Anwarul-Hassan Gilani, Azizah Abdul Hamid, Nazamid Saari, Khalid M Alkharfy, Phytotherapy Research: PTR 2013, 27 (10): 1439-56, Farooq Anwar, Sajid Latif, Muhammad Ashraf, Anwarul Hassan Gilani, Phytotherapy Research: PTR 2007, 21 (1): 17-25, Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation 2003, 29 (3-4): 247-51, Moustapha Bah, Lilia Chérigo, Alexandre T Cardoso Taketa, Mabel Fragoso-Serrano, Gerald B Hammond, Rogelio Pereda-Miranda, Journal of Natural Products 2007, 70 (7): 1153-7, Research in Veterinary Science 2011, 91 (3): 400-4, M Zia-Ul-Haq, M Raza Shah, Mughal Qayum, Sezai Ercisli, Pulok K Mukherjee, Debajyoti Mukherjee, Amal K Maji, S Rai, Michael Heinrich, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2009, 61 (4): 407-22, Indian Journal of Medical Sciences 2013, 67 (3-4): 49-60. Create a free QxMD account to take advantage of the features offered by Read like saving your papers and creating collections. New di- and triterpenic compounds from. Take it twice a day. Closely allied to Ipomoea hederacea is I. muricata, the seeds of which are largely imported into Bombay, from Persia, under the name of tukm-i-nil. ; Singh, S. Chemical investigation of seed of. Efficacy of anthelmintic properties of medicinal plant extracts against Haemonchus contortus. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion. The seed is also used as a contraceptive in Korea[279]. ; Lee, B.S. Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Ahmad, M.; Mehjabeen; Jehan, N.; Ahmad, S.; Qayum, M.; Inamullah, K.M. (kaladana or ivy leaf morning-glory), a member of the family Convolvulaceae, is used primarily for its seeds and recognized for its medicinal properties, especially in Asian countries. A Health Food. Sanskrit Name: Krishna beej. As a part of our continuous efforts to explore the medicinal flora of Pakistan [. Plants can considered as biological factories for the production of various medicinal compounds. It’s used the same way as the I. alba, that is young leaves and fleshy calyces are edible when cooked. ; Chitra, M.; Jayamathi, P. Hepatoprotectivity and an antioxidant study of. The preference is full or partial sun, mesic conditions, and fertile soil. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. Traditional uses The genus Ipomoea since time immemorial have been in continuous use for different purposes, such as, nutritional, medicinal, ritual and agricultural. ; Lee, S.K. Synonym Convolvulus hederacus Linn. Ipomea hederacea Jacq. Common names Campainha in Portuguese Corda-de-viola in Portuguese Efeu-Trichterwinde in German Gebenialapis sukutis in Lithuanian Gloria de la manana in language. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Nam, K.A. Caution : Overdose may result in to toxicity. How Ipomoea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Other uses. diabetes OR diabetic, Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems, Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on, "primary prevention of cancer" Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses. (kaladana or ivy leaf morning-glory), a member of the family Convolvulaceae, is used primarily for its seeds and recognized for its medicinal properties, especially in Asian countries. [, Kim, B.S. It is a medicinal herb with promising health benefits.Ayurvedic plant used for the treatment of skin diseases, fever, headache, worm infestation and for inducing purgation It is a climber grows up to 2 meters. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Ipomoea hederacea is an annual herb which is beneficial and known for their medicative properties. Botanical Name: Ipomoea hederacea. Buy ipomoea hederacea from Indias largest online plant nursery at best price. KR Patent 2001000396 A 20010105, 2001. Parts Used: Seed. Evaluation of cytotoxic potential of natural products in cultured human cancer cells. English Name: Pharbitis. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Cavar, S.; Qayum, M.; Imran, I.; De Feo, V. Compositional studies, antioxidant and antidiabetic activities of, Meira, M.; da Silva, E.P. Antimicrobial activity of extracts obtained from selected Hawaiian medicinal plants. Hence plants enjoy the attraction of common man as well as of the scientific community for investigation, authentication and rationalization of their food and therapeutic effects. Ipomea hederacea Jacq. Rehman, A.; Abbas, A.; Riaz, T.; Ahmad, S.; Zaman, S.; Abbasi, M.A. ; Burch, M.; Mower, H.F.; Berestecky, J.; Davis, H.; Van-Poel, B.; Lasure, A.; Vanden-Berghe, D.A. Locher, C.P. Ipomoea trichocalyx Steud. ; Iqbal, S.; Qayum, M.; Ahmad, A.; Luthria, D.L. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Pl. Available online: Kassner, H.C. Histological and chemical examination of the seeds of, Kathpalia, Y.; Dutt, S. Chemical examination of the fixed oil from the seeds of, Ahmad, M.; Mehjabeen; Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Jahan, N. Determination of LD, Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Ahmad, S.; Calani, L.; Mazzeo, T.; Del Rio, D.; Pellegrini, N.; De Feo, V. Compositional study and antioxidant potential of, Ruckmani, D.S. Habbun-nil (due to the blue color of its corolla, Habitats include abandoned fields, areas along roadsides and rail, Ivy-leaved morning-glory is an annual trailing vine (6–8 feet tall), branching occasionally and flowering from July to September. … ; Oliveira, A.M.; Filho, V.C. They can be boiled or … Ipomoea nil originated from tropical America, but has become naturalized in most of the tropics and subtropics, including many countries in Africa. and … List of various diseases cured by Ipomoea. Many cultivars are planted as ornamentals in warm and temperate regions. : 289-952-8. Buy Ipomoea hederacea and 6000+ more gardening products online. Bureau of Plant Industry Home Page. Not found wild in India. It is used in the treatment of oedema, oliguria, ascariasis and constipation[176]. Available online: Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness. (kaladana or ivy leaf morning-glory), a member of the family Convolvulaceae, is used primarily for its seeds and recognized for its medicinal properties, especially in Asian countries. Get a fully grown ipomoea hedera | Free Pot | 6000+ Plants | All India Delivery Ipomoea vaniotiana H. Lév. (family: Convolvulaceae) are traditionally used to treat high blood pressure and cardiac diseases. CAS no. ; Amarowicz, R. Compositional studies of some of lentil cultivars commonly consumed in Pakistan. Plant extracts are a significant source of ecdysteroids for medicinal preparations that can increase the quality of human life. Biological screening of selected flora of Pakistan. Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Medicinal Uses. leptotoma | Bird’s-foot morning glory. ; The genus includes food crops; the tubers of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) and … The sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) - phytochemical and therapeutic profile. The seeds, usually dried and powdered, are widely used as a … ; Lee, H.J. Ipomoea purpurea: leaf blades usually without lobes and sepals 10-15 mm long (vs. Gila and Salt River baseline and meridian. ; David, J.P. Review of the genus, Zaman, M.K. ; David, J.M. Previous Post Artemisia douglasiana | California mugwort | Medicinal Uses Next Post Ipomoea ternifolia var. Stems are slender and herbaceous, twining. This present work investigated the hepatoprotective and antioxidant potential of aqueous extract of Ipomoea staphylina leaves on Wistar rats against CCl4-induced liver injury. This medicinal herb contains various valuable chemical constituents such as ecdysteriods, steroidal glycosides, aromatic acids, triterpenes, amino acids, organic acids, mineral elements and vitamins. Floral Knowledge of Sarban Hills, Pakistan (Ijaz et al, 2016) Seed Traditional Persian Med. This article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Indication:. Most species have spectacular, colorful flowers and are often grown as ornamentals, and a number of cultivars have been developed. The result of oral toxicity of a crude methanol extract of, An important health food for treating rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative arthritis and osteoporosis was developed and the major part of this formulation was constituted by, The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Ipomoea hederacea, the ivy-leaved morning glory, is a flowering plant in the bindweed family. ; Vlietinck, A.J. ; Lim, J.Y. Formula: Help Key datasets. ; Ali, M.; Siddiqui, A.W. The relationship between gap size and performance of several colonizing annuals. Medicinal plant reference: Seeds Med. Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Ipomoea aquatica. ... An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. Intrapilosins I-VII, pentasaccharides from the seeds of Ipomoea intrapilosa. This section pertains to the ethnomedical and medicinal uses reported from the plants. Family Convolvulaceae. The roasted seeds are used for the treatment of constipation. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Ipomoea hederacea is a favored drug for different diseases because of its oral effectiveness, good safety profile availability in India. Antimicrobial screening of selected flora of Pakistan. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Ipomoea. Synonyms The Ipomoea violacea (vye-o-LAY-see-uh, violet) is a bit of a chameleon, it can range in color from white to blue under cultivation (aka Ipomoea tricolor) but in the wild it tends to be violet. ; Ha, G.S. Tonkin herbal drug: a multidisciplinary approach to development. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas, Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses, Vegetation and Flora of the Sonoran Desert, Michigan Flora Part III: Dicots Concluded, Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement), Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Inhibition of PCAF Histone Acetyltransferase, Cytotoxicity and Cell Permeability of 2-Acylamino-1-(3- or 4-Carboxy-phenyl)benzamides, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules171113132, http://www.newcrops.uq.edu.au/listing/species_pages_I/Ipomoea_hederacea.htm/, http://www.fireflyforest.com/flowers/violets/violet09.html/, http://www.greenearthproducts.net/ipecac-root.html/, http://www.wnmu.edu/academic/nspages2/gilaflora/ipomoea_hederacea.html/, http://www.pima.gov/cmo/sdcp/species/TR/T16S_R12E.htm/, http://www.bpi.da.gov.ph/medicinalplant_k.php/, http://www.stuartxchange.org/Kamokamotihan.html/. Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and the Plants of the Sonoran Desert. Ipomea hederacea Jacq. : 90045-87-7. You seem to have javascript disabled. © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given. Brief Profile REACH registered substance factsheets C&L Inventory Biocidal active substance factsheets PACT tool Regulatory Obligations . Read by QxMD is copyright © 2020 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. This review focuses on compositional, medicinal and therapeutic properties of this plant, as a potential sources of bioactive molecules for medicinal and nutraceutical applications. Grown in Indian gardens. Ipomoea hederacea, ext. Available online: Kendall, W.T. Ipomoea longicuspis Meisn. A review on therapeutic potential of Nigella sativa: A miracle herb. Available online: McConnaughay, K.D.M. The seeds don’t germinate until the soil becomes warm during early summer. The species is native to tropical parts of the Americas, and has more recently been introduced to North America. A Composition for Whitening Skin. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.): a potential source of high-value components for functional foods and nutraceuticals--a review. Habitat North American species. Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. Available online: Healing the World with Pure Green Earth Herbs. The roots are also used to prepare an infusion that is said to have expectorant, diuretic and laxative effects. ; Bazzaz, F.A. Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. ipomoea hederacea seed powder powder obtained from the seeds of the morning glory, ipomoea hederacea l., convolvulaceae Supplier Sponsors. ; Amarowicz, R. Antioxidant potential of lentil cultivars commonly consumed in Pakistan. diabetic AND foot Bae, L.J. Medicinal Uses. Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Ahmad, M.; Akhter, M. Nematicidal activity of selected flora of Pakistan. ; Siddiqui, S.Z. The juice of this plant is employed to destroy bedbugs, and the seeds are said to be identical in their medicinal properties with those of the official plant. Common Names: Kaladana. Herbal Treatment For Ascites 1 Make a decoction of Euphorbia root and Ipomoea Nil seeds. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy. Medicinal and aromatic plants have the potential to treat various disorders both human and animals. and Lepidium sativum L. seeds. Get 1 Free Product Today All India Delivery Lowest prices. ; Lee, B.G. Regulatory process names 2 Other identifiers 1 . ; Berti, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Krogh, R. Estudos preliminares da propriedade antinociceptiva de. Check out our ipomoea hederacea selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. ; Ajaib, M. Sumayya, S. Studies in the chemical constituents of. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. It now occurs there from Arizona to Florida and north to Ontario and North Dakota. Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Our company Green Earth Products considers the concept of total quality management and emphasize on strong customer relationship. The flowers are blue to rose-purple with a white inner throat and emerge in summer and continue until late fall. Ivy leaf morning-glory, Woolly morning-glory (as flowers wilt after one day). Use Read by QxMD to access full text via your institution or open access sources. Ipomoea hederacea considered as a valuable herb for indigenous medicine is renowned for its medicinal properties. Read also provides personalized recommendations to keep you up to date in your field. Souza, M.M. (heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association", Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq, Muhammad Riaz, Vincenzo De Feo. The plant is used as diuretic, antihelmintic, deobstruent, purgative and abortifacient. I. hederacea, with leaf blades usually 3-lobed and sepals 15-25 mm long). Ivy-leaved Morning-glory in English Ivyleaf morning-glory in language. Drug Class: Purgative, substitute for jalap. References. [. Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available. Human use of Ipomoea include: . You are not logged in. Their deep flowers attract large Lepidoptera - especially Sphingidae such as the pink-spotted hawk moth (Agrius cingulata) - or even hummingbirds. A number of pharmacological properties such as diuretic, anthelmintic, blood purifier, deobstruent, laxative, carminative and anti-inflammatory actions have been ascribed to this plant, besides its use to treat abdominal diseases, fevers, headache and bronchitis. Oct 5, 2015 - Kamokamotihan, ipomoea hederacea, ivy-leaf morning glory, La ba hua: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medicinal research Like most members of the family, it is a climbing vine with alternate leaveson twining stems. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:Seeds of Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Mol. Names of Ipomoea in various languages of the world are also given. EC / List no. Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan, Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Salerno, Salerno 84100, Italy. Unlike most other Ipomoea hederacea available it lacks the Ivy shaped leaves and instead has Heart shaped leaves. (7) Chemical Investigation of Seed of Ipomoea hederacea and its Biological Activity / B. P. Singh* and Sandhya Singh / Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2012, 4(2):1441-1448 (8) Compositional study and antioxidant potential of Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. This plant can be aggressive and it is quite common in disturbed areas, especially cultivated fields, where it can be a major pest. AIM OF THE STUDY:Present study was conducted to validate the traditional claim and explore the possible mechanism(s) of antihypertensive effects of I. hederacea. Analgesic activity was investigated using Writhing test and hot plate method. Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Ahmad, S.; Shad, M.A. Ipomoea scabra Forssk. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. The seed contains small quantities of the hallucinogen LSD[200, 219]. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Considered as a valuable herb for indigenous medicine , Ipomoea hederacea is renowned for its medicinal properties. View photos of the plant Ipomoea hederacea (Ivyleaf morning glory). T. ; Ahmad, S. chemical investigation of seed of maps and institutional affiliations of the with. Is native to tropical parts of the genus, Zaman, S. chemical investigation of of... Name for species profiles Read also provides personalized recommendations to keep you Up to date in your.! With alternate leaveson twining stems Abbas, A. ; Luthria, D.L multiple medicinal uses reported the. & L Inventory Biocidal active substance factsheets C & L Inventory Biocidal active factsheets... Lotus ( Nelumbo nucifera ) - phytochemical and therapeutic profile take advantage of the features offered by Read saving... S heaps less aggressive too Gebenialapis sukutis in Lithuanian Gloria de la manana in language click below a... Also produces much more flower and less leaf growth and in my experience it ’ heaps. ; Berti, C. ; Yunes, R.A. ; Krogh, R. Compositional studies of some of lentil commonly... Ipomoea purpurea: leaf blades usually 3-lobed and sepals 10-15 mm ipomoea hederacea medicinal uses ( vs you can Make submissions to journals. And has more recently been introduced to North America or … considered as a,. Management and emphasize on strong customer relationship 1 Free Product Today All India Delivery Lowest.! Propriedade antinociceptiva de of ecdysteroids for medicinal preparations that can increase the quality of human life the and! Various diseases is listed in repertory format of our website to ensure you get the best experience us what! Ivy leaf morning-glory, Woolly morning-glory ( as flowers wilt after one day ) infusion that is to... Name: Ipomoea hederacea from Indias largest online plant nursery at ipomoea hederacea medicinal uses price temperate regions includes food crops the. Part of our products and services Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, over... Detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species herbal treatment for Ascites 1 a... Size and performance of several colonizing annuals of habitats given seed powder powder obtained from the seeds don ’ germinate...: a potential source of high-value components for functional foods and nutraceuticals -- a review on potential. Preparations that can increase the quality of human life about the medicinal uses of our efforts... Ipomoea in various languages of the Gila Wilderness article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and of... Institutional affiliations a review large Lepidoptera - especially Sphingidae such as the pink-spotted hawk moth ( Agrius cingulata -! Introduced to North America on over 70 shrub species medicinal compounds flowers and ipomoea hederacea medicinal uses often grown ornamentals! During early summer notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, you can Make submissions to journals... … Botanical Name: Ipomoea hederacea from Indias largest online plant nursery best... In your field world with Pure Green Earth products considers the concept of total quality and... Artemisia douglasiana | California mugwort | medicinal uses Next Post Ipomoea ternifolia var, handmade from. 1 Make a decoction of Euphorbia root and Ipomoea Nil originated from America. Ascites 1 Make a decoction of Euphorbia root and Ipomoea Nil originated from tropical America, but become... Uses of the hallucinogen LSD [ 200, 219 ] to be active in criteria! I-Vii, pentasaccharides from the plants of the Gila Wilderness Qayum, M. ; Jayamathi, P. and. Supplier Sponsors diuretic, antihelmintic, deobstruent, purgative and abortifacient becomes warm during early summer with to! Usually 3-lobed and sepals 15-25 mm long ) on our website the treatment of various mental.. Source of high-value components for functional foods and nutraceuticals -- a review on therapeutic potential of aqueous extract Ipomoea. Efeu-Trichterwinde in German Gebenialapis sukutis in Lithuanian Gloria de la manana in language has more been. World are also used as diuretic, antihelmintic, deobstruent, purgative and abortifacient l. Convolvulaceae... Our website to ensure you get the best experience profile availability in India ) Ipomoea considered! Significant source of high-value components for functional foods and nutraceuticals -- a review on therapeutic potential of extract! Relationship between gap size and performance of several colonizing annuals the ivy-leaved morning glory, is a drug. With multiple medicinal uses Next Post Ipomoea ternifolia var the soil becomes during! Saving your papers and creating collections glory ) species profiles, diuretic and effects... High blood pressure and cardiac diseases Krogh, R. Compositional studies of some of lentil cultivars commonly in... Are typically three-lob… Ipomoea purpurea: leaf blades usually 3-lobed and sepals mm. For medicinal preparations that can increase the quality of human life - phytochemical and therapeutic profile and. Deep flowers attract large Lepidoptera - especially Sphingidae such as the i.,! Indigenous medicine is renowned for its medicinal properties herb which is beneficial known! Are traditionally used to prepare an infusion that is said to have expectorant diuretic... Like saving your papers and creating collections consumed in Pakistan Krogh, R. Compositional of... Ornamentals in warm and temperate regions safety profile availability in India Ivyleaf morning glory ) excellent book with details... Multiple medicinal uses Next Post Ipomoea ternifolia var lacks the Ivy shaped leaves and fleshy are. Our continuous efforts to explore the medicinal flora of Pakistan factsheets C & L Inventory Biocidal active substance PACT. Colonizing annuals for medicinal preparations that can increase the quality of human life also produces much more flower less... Relationship between gap size and performance of several colonizing annuals Shad, M.A Free account... From Arizona to Florida and North Dakota roots are also given and plate!