Odessa stands where the coast turns southwest. In 1954, the Crimean Oblast was transferred to the authority of Soviet Ukraine. The origin of the word Qırım is uncertain. A year later, Grand Prince Vladimir of Kiev accepted the hand of Emperor Basil II's sister Anna in marriage, and was baptized by the local Byzantine priest at Chersonesus, thus marking the entry of Russia into the Christian world.[32]. The Republic of Crimea continues to use the administrative divisions previously used by the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and is thus subdivided into 25 regions: 14 districts and 11 city municipalities (gorodskoj sovet or gorsovet), officially known as territories governed by city councils. The highest proportion Russians in Autonomous Republic of Crimea - 1180.4 thousand persons, or 58.5% of total population. Ukraine’s government in Kiev is only a few days old and seems to bein disarray. However, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union less than a year later, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea was formed as a constituent entity of independent Ukraine,[44][45] with a slight majority of Crimean voters approving Ukrainian independence in a December referendum. Also important are the Kokozka (Kökköz or Коккозка), the Indole (Indol or Индо́л), the Chorna (Çorğun, Chernaya or Чёрная), the Derekoika (Dereköy or Дерекойка),[75] the Karasu-Bashi (Biyuk-Karasu or Биюк-Карасу) (tributary of Salhir river), the Burulcha (Бурульча) (tributary of Salhir river), the Uchan-su, and the Ulu-Uzen'. [84] Because of its climate and subsidized travel-packages from Russian state-run companies, the southern Crimean coast has remained a popular resort for Russian tourists. [72] [151], According to the, broken in practice by Russian companies, Ukrainian "law on concert activities" only Ukrainian companies can organise concerts in Crimea. Crimean Peninsula (Unsplash).jpg 4.272 × 2.848; 3,41 MB In practice, Russian is the dominant language.[70]. Between Crimea and the mainland to the north lies Syvash (“Putrid Sea”), a network of shallow inlets that is separated from the Sea of Azov by the Arabat Spit, a 70-mile- (113-km-) long sandbar along the eastern shore of Crimea. Deaths 5,122. [126], According to the 2014 Russian census, 84% of Crimean inhabitants named Russian as their native language; 7.9% – Crimean Tatar; 3.7% – Tatar; and 3.3% – Ukrainian. The longest river of Crimea is the Salhir at 204 km (127 mi). Crimea is located between the temperate and subtropical climate belts and is characterized by warm and sunny weather. Synonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea in Free Thesaurus. Southeast of Bakhchisarai is the cliff-fort of Chufut-Kale/Qirq Or which was used in more warlike times. These chains of flat-topped limestone blocks, known as the Crimean Mountains, rise successively higher from the north to the south (with steep-faced southern slopes and gentler northern slopes), topping out at 5,069 feet (1,545 metres) at Mount Roman-Kosh. This makes for significant annual fluctuation in water flow, with many streams drying up completely during the summer. 2,363,000), c.10,000 sq mi (25,900 sq km), SE Europe, linked with the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus. Baltic Surveys Ltd. / The Gallup Organization. This "riviera" stretches along the southeast coast from capes Fiolente and Aya, in the south, to Feodosia. Crimea has 540 MW of its own electricity generation capacity including Simferopol Thermal Power Plant (100 MW), Sevastopol Thermal Power Plant (22 MW) and Kamish-Burunskaya Thermal Power Plant (19 MW). At the most recent Crimean parliamentary election on 14 September 2014, United Russia won 70 of the 75 seats in the State Council of Crimea based on just over 70% of the vote. The Crimean Premier League is now the top professional football league in Crimea. English: Location map of the disputed Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukraine)/Republic of Crimea/Russia Conformal projection, standard parallels — 45°15's.W. [64], Since 2014 the Russian government has invested heavily in the peninsula's infrastructure—repairing roads, modernizing hospitals and building the Crimean Bridge that links the peninsula to the Russian mainland. 577 ‘On the non-recognition of the ongoing annexation by the Russian Federation of the sovereign territory of Ukraine, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, illegally called the ‘Republic of Crimea’,” the report reads. [89], According to the International Transport Workers' Federation, as of 2013[update] there were at least 12 operating merchant seaports in Crimea. [citation needed]. Along the southern coast, tourism is extremely important, with Yalta, Gurzuf, Alushta, and Alupka among the main centres. They list seven ports where cruise ships cannot dock. Für das russische Föderationssubjekt, siehe Republik Krim. [84] The Crimean coast is shielded from cold air masses coming from the north and, as a result, has milder winters. 1. [85], The climate of Crimea is influenced by its geographic location, relief, and influences from the Black sea. [127], According to the 2001 census, 77% of Crimean inhabitants named Russian as their native language; 11.4% – Crimean Tatar; and 10.1% – Ukrainian. Crimea is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and west of the Ru… [84] The western parts of the Crimean mountains receive more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of precipitation per year. The Crimean Tatars' attempts to create an independent state in 1917 were thwarted by the Bolsheviks, and in October 1921 the Soviet leaders created the Crimean Autonomous Republic. [112], Following Russia's largely unrecognized annexation of Crimea, the European Union, the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan, and several other countries (including Ukraine) imposed economic sanctions against Russia, including some specifically targeting Crimea. In the cities of Yevpatoria and nearby townlet Molochnoye are tram systems. Esteban Rivera, 13 June 2018 Die Krim hat eine Fläche von 26.844 Quadratkilometern und 2.353.100 Einwohner (1. [65], In 2017 the Russian government also began modernising the Simferopol International Airport,[66] which opened its new terminal in April 2018. : 2018-2019) During its heyday, 27,000 children a year vacationed at Artek. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The 1997 Partition Treaty on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet partitioned the former Soviet Black Sea Fleet and allowed Russia to continue basing its fleet in Crimea: both the Ukrainian Naval Forces and Russian's Black Sea Fleet were to be headquartered in Sevastopol. For passenger trains; freight trains are delayed until July 2020, but this is due to some necessary work to be done on adjacent railroads, Abū al-Fidā , Mukhtaṣar tāʾrīkh al-bashar (“, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFJaoshvili2002 (, These numbers exclude the population numbers for Berdyansky, Dneprovsky and Melitopolsky Uyezds, which were on mainland. [95], The most important industries in Crimea include food production, chemical fields, mechanical engineering, and metalworking, and fuel production industries. The Crimean Mountains and the southern coast are part of the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion. Remarks at the Co-hosted Discussion “FIVE YEARS AFTER: Human Rights Situation in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol (Ukraine)” As delivered by Acting Deputy Chief of Mission Gregory Macris Vienna, February 26, 2019. There are a number of stone quarries, especially for limestone and diorite. [124], As of 2014[update], the total population of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol was 2,248,400 people (Republic of Crimea: 1,889,485, Sevastopol: 395,000). Contemporaneously, and possibly because of the migration, the region came within the sphere of Greek maritime interest and became the site of Greek colonies. A number of dams have created reservoirs, among the largest are the Simferopolskoye, Alminskoye,[81] the Taygansky and the Belogorsky just south of Bilohirsk in Bilohirsk Raion. In June 2018 there was a full electrical outage for all of Crimea, but the power grid company Rosseti reported to have fixed the outage in approximately one hour. that this cape was supposedly crowned with the temple of Artemis where Iphigeneia is said to have officiated as priestess. [84] It is characterized by diversity and the presence of microclimates. Unlike the other southern ports, Feodosia has no mountains to its north. 13% Since last week. [82] The North Crimea Canal, which transports water from the Dnieper, is the largest of the man-made irrigation channels on the peninsula.[83]. Find all the transport options for your trip from Izhevsk to Autonomous Republic of Crimea right here. The development of Crimea as a holiday destination began in the second half of the 19th century. Covering an area of 27,000 km2 (10,425 sq mi), Crimea is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea and on the western coast of the Sea of Azov; the only land border is shared with Ukraine's Kherson Oblast on the north. Only as the Soviet Union collapsed were they allowed to return. "Meeting of the Valdai International Discussion Club", "Judgement of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine on all-Crimean referendum", "The Crimea Crisis – An International Law Perspective", "Crimea referendum: Voters 'back Russia union, "Crimeans vote over 90 percent to quit Ukraine for Russia", The Tatars of Crimea: Return to the Homeland : Studies and Documents, Jews in Byzantium: Dialectics of Minority and Majority Cultures, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, "The Sultan's Raiders: The Military Role of the Crimean Tatars in the Ottoman Empire", Ukraine and the west: hot air and hypocrisy, "Crimea Parliament Votes to Back Independence From Ukraine", "The Eye of the Whirlwind: Belarus and Ukraine", Regions Party gets 80 of 100 seats on Crimean parliament, "Ukraine 'preparing withdrawal of troops from Crimea, "Vladimir Putin describes secret meeting when Russia decided to seize Crimea", "Ukraine: UN condemns Crimea vote as IMF and US back loans", "U.N. General Assembly declares Crimea secession vote invalid", "Vote by U.N. General Assembly Isolates Russia", "Red Square rally hails Vladimir Putin after Crimea accession", "General Assembly Adopts Resolution Calling upon States Not to Recognize Changes in Status of Crimea Region", "Russian troops firmly in control of Ukraine's gas extraction station in Kherson Oblast's Arabat Spit", "TASS: Russia – Russian ruble goes into official circulation in Crimea as of Monday", "Ukraine crisis: Crimea celebrates switch to Moscow time", "Russia Amends Constitution to Include Crimea, Sevastopol", "Crimea Adopts Ruble as Ukraine Continues Battling Rebels", "Putin Eliminates Ministry of Crimea, Region Fully Integrated into Russia, Russian Leaders Say", "New maps appear to show Crimea is drying up", "The High Price of Putin's Takeover of Crimea", "Crimea opens the largest and most beautiful airport in Russia's south", "Russia restores Crimea power supply after blackout", "Ukraine conflict: Russia completes Crimea security fence", "Map: Russian language dominant in Crimea", "Three canyons trekking (Chernorechensky Canyon, Uzunja Canyon and Grand Crimean Canyon). At the northeast point of the Sea of Azov at the mouth of the Don River were Tanais, Azak/Azov and now Rostov-on-Don. Artek was considered to be a privilege for Soviet children during its existence, as well as for children from other communist countries. There are 11 big cities and 44 small towns in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. May 2015 satellite image of the Crimean Peninsula, Autonomy in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1921–1944), Region in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1945–1954), Region in Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1954–1991). of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea according to the data of the All-Ukrainian census of the population, accounted for 2033,7 thousand persons.. On the lower mountain slopes of the south are many vineyards. The northern part of Arabat Spit is administratively part of Henichesk Raion in Kherson Oblast, including its two rural communities of Shchaslyvtseve and Strilkove. Crimea was part of Russia until Nikita Khruschev gave it to Ukraine in 1954. Precipitation in the mountainous belt is significantly greater than elsewhere in Crimea, its average annual rainfall totals exceeding 23 inches (600 mm). [45][48] The Verkhovna Rada, the parliament of Crimea, voted to grant Crimea "extensive home rule" during the dispute. Hourly. To the west Karkinit Bay separates the Tarkhankut Peninsula from the mainland. The number of Crimea Germans was 60,000 in 1939. [96] Other products produced on the Crimean Peninsula include salt, porphyry, limestone, and ironstone (found around Kerch) since ancient times. and ref? Annual Weather Averages in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Trapezuntine Perateia had already been subjected to pressure from the Genoese and Kipchaks by the time Alexios I of Trebizond died in 1222 before the Mongol invasions began its western sweep through Volga Bulgaria in 1223. Interior: Most of the former capitals of Crimea stood on the north side of the mountains. Nahimutang ni sa habagatang bahin sa nasod, 700 km sa habagatan sa Kiev ang ulohan sa nasod. Older plants are Sevastopol TEC (close to Inkerman) which use AEG and Ganz Elektro turbines and turbogenerators about 25 MW each, Sinferopol TEC (north, in Agrarne locale) Eupatoria, Kamysh Burun TEC (Kerch south – Zaliv) and few others. A region and peninsula of southern Ukraine on the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Visa and MasterCard temporarily stopped service in Crimea in December 2014. The Tatars were accused of collaboration by Stalin and deported en masse to Central Asia and Siberia in 1944. Numerous Crimean Tatar villages, mosques, monasteries, and palaces of the Russian imperial family and nobles are found here, as well as picturesque ancient Greek and medieval castles. Alexander Pushkin visited Bakhchysarai in 1820 and later wrote the poem The Fountain of Bakhchisaray. [110], In the 1990s, Crimea became more of a get-away destination than a "health-improvement" destination. [77], There are more than fifty salt lakes and salt pans on the peninsula, the largest of them is Lake Sasyk (Сасык) on the southwest coast; others include Aqtas, Koyashskoye, Kiyatskoe, Kirleutskoe, Kizil-Yar, Bakalskoe, and Donuzlav. [citation needed] The peninsula was wrested from the Byzantines by the Kievan Rus' in the 10th century; the last Byzantine outpost, Chersonesus was taken in 988 AD. Each of the big city can offer more than 700 hotel rooms to choose from, while you also won't need to choose the blind in towns as there are up to 69 cheap hotels at your choice. General Assembly (73rd sess. 2.5), Polybius, (Histories 4.39.4), and Ptolemy (Geographia. The main branches of the modern Crimean economy are agriculture and fishing oysters pearls, industry and manufacturing, tourism, and ports. United States Agency for International Development. The Crimean Tatar name of the peninsula is Qırım (Crimean Tatar: Къырым, romanized: Kirim/Qırım) and so also for the city of Krym which is now called Staryi Krym[14] which served as a capital of the Crimean province of the Golden Horde. Much of the natural border between the Crimean Peninsula and the Ukrainian mainland comprises the Sivash or "Rotten Sea", a large system of shallow lagoons stretching along the western shore of the Sea of Azov. Krym, peninsula and republic (1991 est. The coast then runs south to Sevastopol/Chersonesus, a good natural harbor, great naval base and the largest city on the peninsula. Crimean Tatars, a predominantly Muslim ethnic minority who in 2001 made up 12.1% of the population,[140] formed in Crimea in the late Middle Ages, after the Crimean Khanate had come into existence. In 1954, it was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR from the Russian SFSR.[5]. Building and near start up are two combined cycle gas steam turbo thermal plants PGU, both 470 MW (116 167 MW GT, 235 MW block), build (plant) by TPE along others and turbines by Power Machines (UTZ KalugaTZ ? [15] [43], In January 1991, a referendum was held in the Crimean Oblast, and voters approved restoring the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Find all the transport options for your trip from Russia to Autonomous Republic of Crimea right here. Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly UN. Mapped position of 35Н-022, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, South Federal District, Russia (N 45° 18' 40.5144", E 33° 20' 24.486"). Seventy-five percent of the remaining area of Crimea consists of semiarid prairie lands, a southward continuation of the Pontic-Caspian steppe, which slope gently to the northwest from the foothills of the Crimean Mountains. and Ukr. Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly UN. Given its long history and many conquerors, most towns in Crimea have several names. A 2014 referendum on joining Crimea with Russia was supported by a majority of voters according to official counts; it was boycotted by many loyal to Ukraine, and denounced as illegitimate by Western governments. [84] Snowfall is common in the mountains during winter. Almost every settlement in Crimea is connected with another settlement by bus lines. [128] In 2013, however, the Crimean Tatar language was estimated to be on the brink of extinction, being taught in Crimea only in around 15 schools at that point. [46][47], Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances acknowledged Ukrainian integrity.[49]. Some clubs registered to join the Russian leagues but the Football Federation of Ukraine objected. It is Autonomous Republic of Crimea. [107] The trolleybus line starts near Simferopol's Railway Station (in Soviet times it started near Simferopol International Airport) through the mountains to Alushta and on to Yalta. [a] With a length of 19 km, it is the longest bridge in Europe, as it overcame Vasco da Gama Bridge in Lisbon. [78][79] The general trend is for the former lakes to become salt pans. [84] In the mountains, the mean annual temperature is around 5.7 °C (42.3 °F). Most of the spits were formed as a result of deposition of sand, silt and shells by the river flows into the Azov Sea bays. Boats and cruise ships are docked in the harbor at Yalta in southern Ukraine. But the earliest recorded use of the toponym "Crimea"[clarification needed] for the peninsula[16] occurred between 1315–1329 AD by the Arab writer Abū al-Fidā where he recounts a political fight in 1300–1301 AD resulting in a rival's decapitation and having "sent his head to the Crimea".[17]. Following the election, Sergey Aksyonov became Head of the Republic of Crimea: he had previously been Acting Head from 14 April 2014. Crisis in the Borderlands", 2015) – about the very legitimacy of the 1954 transition of Crimea to Ukraine; in the critics' view the transition contradicted even the Soviet law. [152], Painting of the Russian squadron in Sevastopol by Ivan Aivazovsky (1846), The grave of Russian poet and artist Maximilian Voloshin, People at the Kazantip music festival in 2007, Following Crimea's vote to join Russia and subsequent annexation in March 2014, the top football clubs withdrew from the Ukrainian leagues. Krim (Autonomous Republic of Crimea) Die Krim (, Krym; , Krym; ; in der Antike Tauris) ist eine Halbinsel im nördlichen Schwarzen Meer. Autonomous Republic of Crimea.A year later, the 1992 Crimean constitution, along with the presidency and regional citizenship, was declared null and void by the Ukrainian Parliament, which by that time, had renamed the autonomy from "Republic of Crimea" to Autonomous Republic of Crimea. CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) Trusted, up-to-date information with AI from Watson. The development of the transport networks brought masses of tourists from central parts of the Russian Empire. The terrain that lies south of the sheltering Crimean Mountain range is of an altogether different character. Autonomous Republic of Crimea is a rather small country, so you really can travel it all around at once if you are not a lazybone. [85] A subtropical, Mediterranean climate dominates the southern coastal regions, is characterized by mild winters and moderately hot, dry summers. Simferopol, the administrative centre of the republic, is located in the foothills of the Crimean Mountains. From west to east are: Heracles Peninsula; Balaklava/Symbalon/Cembalo, a smaller natural harbor south of Sevastopol; Foros, the southernmost point; Alupka with the Vorontsov Palace (Alupka); Gaspra; Yalta; Gurzuf; Alushta. Tobacco is important, as are flowers for perfume. The establishment decree divided the oblast into 7 uyezds. On the south side is the large Donuzlav Bay and the port and ancient Greek settlement of Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve. Further southwest is Tyras/Akkerman/Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi. The southern coast, sheltered by the mountains from cold northern air, has a mild Mediterranean climate. Crimea, Ukrainian Krym, also spelled Krim, autonomous republic, southern Ukraine. A general referendum on the future of the republic was held. Ivan Aivazovsky, the 19th-century marine painter of Armenian origin, who is considered one of the major artists of his era was born in Feodosia and lived there for the most part of his life. When resistance was crushed, many of the anti-Communist fighters and civilians escaped by ship to Istanbul. Why Did Russia Give Away Crimea Sixty Years Ago? Important industrial cities include Dzhankoi, housing a major railway connection, Krasnoperekopsk and Armiansk, among others. The status of Crimea is disputed. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Syvash in the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine. In the Autonomous Republic of Crimea were formed: • census departments: 236 • instructor districts: 1631 • registration districts: 6525 Not including the census departments, instructor and registration districts of hospital, sanatoria, hotels, etc. The republic is coterminous with the Crimean Peninsula, lying between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The cheapest way to get from Pionersky to Autonomous Republic of Crimea costs only 2 614 ₴, and the quickest way takes just 7¾ hours. It appears that Russia has taken control of Crimea without firing ashot and is referring to it as the “Autonomous Republic of Crimea,”presumably with the intention of making it a puppet state of Moscow. Crimea itself comprises three regions. Adunay 1,958,114 ka molupyo. Define Autonomous Republic of Crimea. [84] The plains usually receive 300 to 400 millimetres (11.8 to 15.7 in) of precipitation per year, increasing to 560 millimetres (22.0 in) in the southern coast at sea level. In 1783, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Empire as the result of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774). [84] The northern parts of Crimea have a moderate continental climate with short, mild winters and moderately hot dry summers. Simferopol/Ak-Mechet, the modern capital. North of the peninsula the Dnieper turns westward and enters the Black Sea through the east–west Dnieper-Bug Estuary which also receives the Bug River. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. The document was supported by 66 countries, 19 voted against, and 72 abstained. Industrial plants are situated for the most part in the southern coast (Eupatoria Sevastopol Feodosia Kerch) regions of the republic, few northern (Armiansk Krasnoperekopsk Dzhankoi), aside from the central area, mainly Simferopol okrug and eastern region in Nizhnegorsk (few plants, same for Dzhankoj) city. Strabo (Geography vii 4.3, xi. Despite calls from local Crimean Tatars for a boycott of the elections, turnout was over 53% which compared well with elections in other regions of Russia. The North Crimean Canal now crosses it to bring water from the Dnieper. With them, control of the peninsula changed in 1238, as all but the Perateia of Crimea was incorporated into the territory of the Golden Horde throughout the 14th century CE. Further east is Sudak/Sougdia/Soldaia with its Genoese fort. The main range of these mountains rises with extraordinary abruptness from the deep floor of the Black Sea to an altitude of 600–1,545 metres (1,969–5,069 ft), beginning at the southwest point of the peninsula, called Cape Fiolente [uk]. 2,363,000), c.10,000 sq mi (25,900 sq km), SE Europe, linked with the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus. In post-war years, Crimea thrived as a tourist destination, with new attractions and sanatoriums for tourists. In 2013, Orthodox Christians made up 58% of the Crimean population, followed by Muslims (15%) and believers in God without religion (10%). From 1853 to 1856, the peninsula was the site of the principal engagements of the Crimean War, a conflict fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia.[39]. The second law, "On the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea," stated that all the 100 deputies are elected on the basis of universal, equal, and direct suffrage (without any mention of the national electoral districts, or quotas for either the Crimean Tatars, or other formerly deported groups, or national minorities). It became a center of slave trade. [97], In 2014, the republic's annual GDP was $4.3 billion (500 times smaller than the size of Russia's economy). Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. See the, Crimea – Dynamics, challenges and prospects / edited by Maria Drohobycky. On 18 March 2014, Russia annexed the Autonomous Republic of Crimea of Ukraine after an … The first of these, consisting of the northern and central part of Crimea (which constitutes about three-fourths of the peninsula), is made up of a level plain that slopes down gently from south to north. See also categories: Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and Republic of Crimea. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [84] The Crimean mountains greatly influence the amount of precipitation present in the peninsula. Medien in der Kategorie „Autonomous Republic of Crimea“ Folgende 45 Dateien sind in dieser Kategorie, von 45 insgesamt. The Alma River flows west to reach the Black Sea between Eupatoria and Sevastopol. [citation needed]why here? Crimea was the background for Adam Mickiewicz's seminal work, The Crimean Sonnets inspired by his 1825 travel. human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol”. The Nazis murdered around 40,000 Crimean Jews.[40]. NOW 50% OFF! [92] The number of tourist arrivals reached a record in 2012 at 6.1 million. Template parameters (coordinates of … [57][53] A range of international sanctions have remained in place against Russia and a number of named individuals as a result of the events of 2014. [46] On 5 May 1992, the Crimean legislature declared conditional independence,[47] but a referendum to confirm the decision was never held amid opposition from Kyiv: elected president of Crimea Yuriy Meshkov, was replaced by Kyiv-appointed Anatoliy Franchuk, which was done with the intent to rein in Crimean aspirations of autonomy. 'S population has changed dramatically since the early 1940s thousand … ARC - Republic! 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Sea ports of Crimea as part of his autonomous republic of crimea against the Scythians in 513 BCE centre of the Crimean... Achaemenid Empire, under Darius I, expanded to Crimea: he had previously Acting... Winters and moderately hot dry summers the mouth of the 19th century Russian Empire as the Union. Sevastopol to Russia is also the leading Party in the early medieval Slavic, and... Terror, organized by Béla Kun [ 145 ] the nobility of the Republic, is one of the War! And Feodosia international tourists Crimea before remnants were finally driven out by the Black Sea the! And seems to bein disarray now Rostov-on-Don and it is washed by the Rus ' and Khazaria there! Dnieper turns westward and enters the Black Sea in the mountains are smothered greenery... A privilege for Soviet children during its existence, as well as for from. [ 10 ] [ 118 ] sanctions against individuals include travel bans asset... Living on the lower mountain slopes of the mountains 0.43 % later wrote the poem the Fountain of.. Russia completed a high-tech Security fence marking the de facto border between Crimea and Russia registered to the! At 6.1 million Germans ( 0.1 % of population ) in Crimea. 49. Fläche von 26.844 Quadratkilometern und 2.353.100 Einwohner ( 1 is situated on the Black Sea and of... Annexed by the Azov Sea in the second half of the 90 km and are... And hundreds of thousands of Soviet rule, the resorts and dachas began—most which! Not recognized by Ukraine, on the south shore annual weather Averages in Autonomous Republic of Crimea '' Chinese-English... Soviet Union collapsed were they allowed to return to the west, south and south-east by! May 2015, Russian is the cliff-fort of Chufut-Kale/Qirq or which was only 47.8 % new bridge! Peninsula also became a client Kingdom of the transport options for your Britannica newsletter to Trusted... Closed Ukrainian sources Salhir River which rises southeast of Bakhchisarai is the Salhir which. The dominant language. [ 40 ] settlement autonomous republic of crimea Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve of holidaymakers dropped 35 percent the... An Autonomous Republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik Revolution, Crimea was part of the industry market to! Of Catherine the great on 2 February 1784 63 ] in the west is! Republic status within Russia after the peninsula wrote the poem the Fountain of Bakhchisaray from 160–200 days in world. Mountains greatly influence the amount of precipitation per year ] and 3,000 Italians the object of territorial disagreements Russia! Central and Eastern Europe was part of Ukraine objected than 1,000 millimetres ( 39.4 in ) precipitation. The Tauri the figures for the Genoese and Turks for cruises originating in Greece and Turkey individuals—both and... Республики Крым занимает З - 4 места среди 27 регионов Украины of Kerch, Ukraine Aksyonov became Head the... Hindered by the international community ( 0.1 % of total population River which rises southeast of Simferopol and north... Tourism, and ports ( thousand … ARC - Autonomous Republic of Crimea listed as ARC for. The second world War the peninsula is Chernomorskoe/Kalos Limen sa habagatang bahin sa nasod, 700 sa. 9Th century CE, Byzantium established the Theme of Cherson to defend against by! Simferopol, the territory of the Young Pioneer camps, artek was an all-year camp, due to the climate! Crimean War ), succeeded the Golden Horde and lasted from 1449 to 1783 agricultural has. Sind in dieser Kategorie, von 45 insgesamt climate favors recreation and tourism 1991 its declined. [ 111 ] after the Bolshevik Revolution, Crimea became an Autonomous Republic of Crimea easy to,. Sanctions were directed at individuals—both Russian and Crimean Memorandum on Security Assurances acknowledged Ukrainian.. Major railway connection, Krasnoperekopsk and Armiansk, among others water from the Atlantic Ocean, causing during. Of precipitation present in the 1990s, Crimea became more of autonomous republic of crimea get-away than...